These conditions affect connective tissues in muscles, and their associated tissues such as tendons and ligaments, resulting in inflammation. Onset can be rapid and acute. Some examples are Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus, Gout, and Plantar Fasciitis. These conditions can also affect the internal organs, eyes, skin, or any other part of the body.
Physiotherapy can help with the management of symptoms by reducing swelling, speeding up the inflammation process and reducing pain. Treatment will also focus on improving joint range of movement and providing self-management strategies. Massage, ice therapy and electrotherapy may be used in conjunction.
Conditions or Injuries Resulting in Musculoskeletal Pain
Conditions or injuries that result in pain in the bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, tendons and affect the pain system. Onset can be more gradual than with inflammatory conditions. Conditions include Back Pain, Herniated Disks, Osteoarthritis and Fibromyalgia.
Treatment can include manipulation and massage, an exercise programme to target muscle strength and range of movement, and be supplemented by acupuncture, electrotherapy, and hydrotherapy. There will also be a focus on pacing activities education and the development of strategies for managing the symptoms day to day.
Where clinically indicated, referral may be made to a pain clinic.
Osteoporosis and Fragility Fractures
Fracturing a bone from a standing height is indicative of Osteoporosis, a condition that causes weakening of the bones. As a result, fragility fractures occur suddenly and discretely. The bones most commonly affected are the spine, wrist, and hip.
Physiotherapy is instrumental in maximising functional recovery from a fracture through early mobilisation and developing a guided exercise programme. This in turn can reduce the risk of falls and further fractures.